The state of Utah is home to lots of beautiful National Parks; Bryce Canyon National Park ranks as one of the three most magnificent and awe-inspiring.
Geology of Bryce Canyon
First, Bryce Canyon isn’t really a canyon, it’s the spectacular edge of the Paunsaugunt Plateau. It’s a place where intricately carved towers and archways of stone shimmer in a dazzling array of color, under the bright sun.
The rock in Bryce Canyon is composed of layer after layer of sedimentary deposits. These were deposited millions of years ago, when the area was at the bottom of a lake. Now the Paria River has exposed the layers, allowing a detailed history of the ancient lake to be discovered.
15 million years ago, the earth in this region began to shift, forming a series of plateaus. The Paunsaugunt is an extensive plateau, with the Paria River gradually eroding away the edge to form Bryce Canyon.
The canyon is by no means a static place; the rim recedes by an average of about a foot every 50 years. In this ever changing scene, water plays the most vital role in the shaping, and eventually destroying, the magnificent scenery.
Because the rock was laid down in layers, there is a variation in the hardness of the rock formed. When water runoff trickles across the rock, some areas erode rapidly whereas others hold firm.
This variation in erosion speed causes the formation of pinnacles, or “hoodoos” of stable rock. In some places, the water seeps down through cracks and eats out holes beneath the surface. When the side rock erodes away, an archway is left behind.
Eventually, the arch collapses, leaving one more pillars to join the rest. The ever changing vista of colors, spires, walls and archways is spectacular at any season. Fortunately, the park is open all year round.
History of Bryce Canyon
The Park itself was established in 1924, and was named after an early settler in the area, Ebenezer Bryce. Mr. Bryce emigrated from Scotland, married a local girl, then moved southwards in stages, building sawmills as he went.
In the mid 1870s, they reached the Paria River, where the Bryce family settled for a number of years. It was at this time that Bryce made his immortal comment about Bryce Canyon; he called it “one hell of a place to lose a cow”.
The area remained undiscovered by tourists; the first guest houses were only constructed around the time when the park was officially established. Luckily, this has led to Bryce Canyon being an area of largely unspoiled beauty. Also, the historic information trapped in its pinnacles and spires is of enormous scientific value.
Exploring Bryce Canyon
Here you can wander through the Queen’s Garden, or gaze up at Queen Victoria herself surveying the ‘flowers’ in her garden. Some of the most awe inspiring lookouts are situated in this area, including Sunset Point and Inspiration Point – a must for any visitor.
In the warmer months, there’s lots of trails for the visitor to explore, ranging from easy strolls to hard hikes. Some of the best trails are located in the Bryce Amphitheater, located near the entry to the park.
Summer months can cause temperatures in the base of the canyon to soar. Consequently, it is very important to be prepared for the heat, and bring plenty of water.
Hikers can also follow the Fairyland, Riggs Spring and Under-the-Rim trails. These are longer, but permit more opportunities to see the different elements of the park at close quarters.
For the energetic, it is possible to cross-country ski in a number of areas in the park. Also, on some trails, it’s possible to go snowshoeing instead of hiking.
In winter the roads are opened between snowfalls, allowing a different perspective of the park. Snow capped pinnacles stand out sharply against the background of white snow and dark green trees. The air is also cleaner, allowing visitors to see great distances.
If you require a slightly different view of the park, it’s possible to explore the park in a 1930 limousine. Alternatively, you can rent a horse on an hourly basis to trek some of the better trails.
There’s lots of interesting places to explore in the park, apart from the marvelous scenery of the ‘silent city’, as the hoodoos are sometimes called. The park also contains a large variety of plants and wildlife, including meadows and forests.
Wildlife in Bryce Canyon
Bears and cougars also inhabit the park, but are seldom seen by tourists, unlike the coyotes, which are very common. Be aware of your surroundings, and keep an eye on your pets, especially if off leash.
Ground squirrels abound near the viewing areas, and their antics are a delight to visitor’s, sometimes distracting from the awesome scenery. On quiet mornings and evenings, it’s also possible to see deer, elk and antelope grazing on the meadows.
Bryce Canyon is a hidden jewel, thoroughly deserving to be as widely known as its southern neighbor, the Grand Canyon. Include it on your itinerary, and you definitely won’t be disappointed.
In fact, you may be completely overwhelmed by the fascinating and awe inspiring beauty of Bryce Canyon, like every other visitor.